The terms critic and criticism have always had a double sense in English. The base meaning is to pass the judgement on but in popular use the words have been associated with a negative meaning. However, in academic and literary use it is the opposite-analysis, judgement and evaluation of someone’s work.
In order to make progress and acquire new knowledge, it is important to receive a feedback from your tutors as well as your peers. First of all, you have to analyse and understand your own work. When you are challenged about something, you should be able to explain what your work is all about and what was your motive to do things the way you did.
Make sure that when giving your critique about other people’s work you can back it up and explain your point of view. It has to be constructive criticism so as the receiver can act on it. Also it has to be respectful and take into consideration that is somebody’s hard work that you are talking about. Don’t just throw random words about somebody’s work just because you dislike it.
It’s crucial to be able to take on criticism as something positive. A lot of people take it personal but that will only hold them back if they do so. Criticism is not to put anyone down but to help them improve their skills. It’s a learning curve and part of a development process. Other people can notice something that you can’t see for yourself.